Last Updated on 14 March, 2021 by Samuelsson
Candlestick patterns have gained incredible popularity among many traders in their quest for above-average returns. There are many candlestick patterns that claim to predict bullish or bearish market moves. One such pattern is the three inside up:
The three inside up is a bullish reversal pattern that occurs at the end of a bearish trend. It consists of three candles, with the first two candles forming an inside bar that’s followed by a bullish breakout.
This guide will cover everything you need to know about the three inside up, such as its meaning, definition, and how you may go about to improve its performance. In addition to this, we’ll also look closer at some trading strategies that you may take inspiration from.
Three Inside Up Definition and Meaning
The three inside up consists of three candles with the last candle breaking out above the high of the pattern. Here is the exact definition:
- The first candle is bearish, and part of the prevailing bearish trend.
- The second candle forms inside the body of the previous candle, becoming a so-called inside bar.
- The third candle is bullish and closes above the high of the pattern.
The general view of the three inside up is that it’s a bullish reversal pattern that signals that the market is about to turn bullish.
What Does a Three Inside Up Tell Us About the Market?
Representing the movements of a market, every candlestick pattern is as unique as its shape. As such, every candlestick pattern has a unique story to tell about the forces that formed the market’s movements. And as traders, we’re very interested in these stories to gain a better understanding of the markets, in an attempt to gain an edge!
Of course, knowing exactly what happened is close to impossible. Still, we’ll learn a lot just from trying to analyze and watch the markets. In fact, we’ve come up with many trading strategies this way!
Let’s see what a three inside up may tell us about the market.
As the market comes from a bearish trend, a majority of market participants are bearish on the market and believe that it will continue down for even longer. As such, selling pressure is high, and makes the market form the first bearish candle of the pattern.
However, the next day bears seem to have gotten depleted of their energy in the preceding bearish run. Bulls stand ready to take the chance that’s thrown at them and manage to make the market perform a bullish gap. During the rest of the day much doesn’t happen, and the market closes within the range of the previous candle.
The fact that bulls had the stamina to not give in for the bearish forces that wanted to push the market below the low of the previous candle becomes a major sign of strength. However, it’s not enough to assume that bears have given up just yet.
Regardless, it doesn’t take long before most market participants realize that the trend has reverted, as the market closes above the high of the previous two candles, which is a major resistance level.
Three Inside Up Example
Here is a real-world example of the pattern:
How to Trade the Three Inside Up
While many new traders would try and apply the three inside up to their market as soon as they’ve learned about it, this isn’t a good idea at all! Of all candlestick patterns out there close to none is worth trading in its raw form. You need to add conditions or filters that remove some of the false trades, and make the pattern worthwhile. You also have to ensure that you trade a market and timeframe where the pattern works well. We recommend that you use backtesting to determine where the pattern works.
Having all this said, we’ll share two powerful techniques that have helped us tremendously over the years, and that are part of many of the trading strategies we trade right now.
In most markets, there are some types of seasonal or time-based tendencies. In short, this means that there are times when a market is more bullish or bearish on a recurring basis. And this is something we like to take advantage of.
For instance, we may be more inclined to act on a three inside up that forms at a time when we know the market usually turns more bullish.
Usually, this is where we look for seasonal or time-based tendencies:
- Day of week – Many markets have some days of the week that stand out as more bullish or bearish.
- Part of the month – Sometimes we find that a pattern works better on a certain part of the month. We prefer to divide the month into two or three pieces, and see if the pattern fares much better or worse on any of them.
- Time of day – If you’re trading intraday strategies, it may be worth noting that there are cases when some patterns may only work during the first or second half of the trading session.
Markets like stocks and equities have some quite strong mean-reverting tendencies, meaning that they have a tendency to perform exaggerated moves that are corrected through a move in the opposite direction.
A market that has moved too far to the downside is said to be oversold, while a market that has moved too far to the upside is said to be overbought.
As the three upside up is a bullish reversal pattern that should form in a bearish trend, we may assume that the pattern performs better if the market is oversold.
So how may we define an oversold market?
Well, here are two easy yet effective approaches:
- RSI – According to us, RSI is one of the most useful trading indicators out there. A reading below 30 is generally considered oversold, while a reading above 70 signals the opposite.
- Lowest close – Another simple method is to demand that the close is the lowest close a certain number of bars back. This is the approach that’s used by the double seven strategy.
Three Inside Up Trading Strategies
Having covered some ways you may improve the pattern, we now wanted to give you some practical examples of what a trading strategy could look like.
Just remember that while these are provided as examples, they shouldn’t be regarded as ready for live trading. Instead, draw inspiration from what we’re going to show you, and try to come up with your own conditions and strategies!
Trading Strategy 1: Three inside up and volume condition
Volume can have a significant effect on the performance of different patterns. Traditionally, high volume is regarded as a sign that a certain market move is more significant.
In the case with the three inside up, we might want to demand that the last, bullish candle forms with higher volume, since it would suggest that the market was more keen on performing bullish moves than bearish.
As such, we’ll go long if:
- There is a three inside up
- The last, bullish candle forms with high volume.
Then we wait for 5 bars to exit the trade.
Trading Strategy 2: Three Inside Up and Breakout Distance
One common approach to mitigating false breakouts, is to add some distance to the breakout level. And since we easily can regard the three inside up as a breakout pattern, as it breaks out over the high, this is applicable to the pattern too!
We’ll simply demand that the last candle closes above our breakout level, which is the high of the pattern plus half the average true range.
Thus, the conditions to enter a trade are:
- There is a three inside up
- The last candle breaks out above the breakout level, which is the high of the pattern plus half the average true range.
Then we wait for 5 bars to exit.
In this guide, you have learned the most essential facts about the three inside up and how it’s used.
Just remember to always validate the pattern you want to trade, to ensure that they work with your market! As we stated earlier, this is best done with backtesting.
Here you can find our Candlestick pattern archive with many articles covering the subject.