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Minimum Fluctuation in Futures Contracts – What Does It Mean?

Last Updated on 8 February, 2023 by Samuelsson

Futures contracts have been around for centuries and have been utilized as a means of hedging against price movements in various commodities, currencies, and financial assets. With the advent of technology and increased globalization, the futures market has grown in size, complexity, and importance. In this article, we will take a comprehensive look at one specific type of futures contract, the minimum fluctuation contract.

What are Futures Contracts?

A futures contract is an agreement between two parties to buy or sell an underlying asset at a predetermined price and date in the future. The buyer of a futures contract is said to have a “long” position, while the seller has a “short” position. Futures contracts are used to hedge against price movements in a particular asset, as well as for speculation and investment purposes.

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What are Minimum Fluctuation Futures Contracts?

Minimum fluctuation futures contracts, also known as mini futures contracts, are a type of futures contract that is designed to provide traders with access to the futures market at a lower cost and with less risk than standard futures contracts. These contracts are smaller in size, usually worth only a fraction of the value of a standard futures contract, making them an ideal option for traders with smaller capital.

Advantages of Minimum Fluctuation Futures Contracts

The smaller size of minimum fluctuation futures contracts makes them an attractive option for traders who are new to the futures market or who have limited capital. These contracts also allow traders to gain exposure to the futures market with less risk, as the smaller size of the contract reduces the potential for large losses. Additionally, minimum fluctuation futures contracts offer traders more flexibility, as they can be traded on a wider range of exchanges and in more diverse markets.

Another advantage of minimum fluctuation futures contracts is that they allow traders to gain exposure to the futures market with a smaller margin requirement. This means that traders can enter and exit positions with a smaller amount of capital, reducing their overall risk. Furthermore, minimum fluctuation futures contracts are generally more accessible to retail traders, as they can be traded through many online brokerage platforms.

How do Minimum Fluctuation Futures Contracts work?

Minimum fluctuation futures contracts work in much the same way as standard futures contracts, with the main difference being the size of the contract. When a trader enters into a minimum fluctuation futures contract, they are agreeing to buy or sell a specific underlying asset at a predetermined price and date in the future. The value of the contract is based on the price of the underlying asset, and the trader is obligated to complete the transaction at the agreed upon price and date, regardless of the actual market price at the time of settlement.

Risks associated with Minimum Fluctuation Futures Contracts

As with any type of investment, there are risks associated with trading minimum fluctuation futures contracts. The most significant risk is that of market volatility, as sudden and unpredictable price movements can result in large losses for traders who are not well prepared. Additionally, traders must be aware of the potential for margin calls, as their positions may be liquidated if their account value falls below the required margin level.


In conclusion, minimum fluctuation futures contracts offer traders a lower-cost and lower-risk means of accessing the futures market. These contracts are ideal for traders who are new to the market or who have limited capital, as they allow for more flexible trading and reduced margin requirements. However, traders must be aware of the potential for market volatility and margin calls, and should always carefully consider their risk tolerance before entering into any type of futures contract.

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